**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Logic gates**

- Representation and truth table for AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR and XOR gates
- Practical logic devices
- Verify logic gate truth tables
- Observe behavior of gate combinations

**Boolean laws**

- Venn diagram
- Boolean equations and rules
- Duality principle
- XOR laws
- Determine the truth table of a combination of gates
- De Morgan’s law

**Constructing Boolean functions**

- Boolean function reduction
- Verify the validity of the reduced logic function by comparing its truth table with that of the original logic function
- How to use the truth table to locate a malfunction

**Constructing functions with NAND or NOR gates**

- Implement a OR gate with a NAND and 2 NOT gates
- Implement an AND gate with a NOR and 2 NOT gates
- Identify operating regions

**Troubleshooting**

- 5 different fault-finding exercises

**EB-3151****Logic Components**

****

The EB-3151 Logic components board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of logic gates, Boolean functions, Karnaugh maps and simplifying logic functions to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Automotive charging system**

- Overview
- Alternator principles
- AC to DC conversion
- Alternator construction
- Voltage regulation
- Automatic charging
- Alternator as a tachogenerator

**Motion and position sensors**

- Hall effect sensor
- Ignition system with Hall effect sensor
- Inductive position sensor
- Ignition system with Inductive sensor
- Optical RPM and position sensor
- Distributing ignition sparks
- Calibrating with a stroboscope

**Distributorless ignition system**

- Principles of operation
- Major components

**Troubleshooting**

- Fault-finding exercises
****

**EB-3146****Automotive Charging and Ignition**

****

The EB-3146 Automotive Charging and Ignition board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of electrical components and circuits employed in automotive battery charging and electronic ignition systems to students in high, schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Lights and switches**

- Door switch
- Incandescent lamp
- Light delay circuit
- Electric relay
- Light switching circuits
- Stop lamp

**Signaling lamps**

- Turn signal
- Emergency lights
- Diode circuits

**Valves and solenoids**

- Solid state switch
- Relay flasher
- Thermal switch

**DAC and ADC control**

- DAC – Digital to Analog Converter
- ADC - Analog to Digital Converter
- Angular sensor
- Accelerator position sensor
- Thermistors

**Troubleshooting**

- Fault-finding exercises
****

**EB-3145****Sensors and Actuators**

****

The EB-3145 Sensors and Actuators board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of the sensor and actuator components and their related circuits to students in high, schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**3-phase motor control**

- Basic concepts:
- How 3 phase motors work
- 3 phase motor controller
- Observe circuit waveforms
- Observe effect of frequency on phase shift

**Troubleshooting**

- 7 different fault-finding exercises

**EB-3144****3-Phase Motor Control**

****

The EB-3144 3-Phase Motor Control board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of three phase motors and controllers to students in high, schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EB-3123****AC Circuits**

The EB-3123 AC Circuits board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to teach the fundamental concepts of AC circuits, signals and filters to students in

high schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Voltage sources and power transfer**

- Introduction to power supplies
- Maximum power transfer

**Thevenin’s theorem**

- Calculate equivalent voltage source
- Calculate equivalent series resistance
- Compare with original circuit

Norton’s theorem

- Calculate equivalent current source
- Calculate equivalent parallel resistance
- Compare with original circuit

Superposition theorem

- Calculate currents and voltages using superposition
- Compare measured results with calculated results

**Troubleshooting**

- 7 different fault-finding exercises

**EB-3122****DC Circuits Il**

The EB-3122 DC Circuits II board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to teach some of the more advanced concepts of DC circuits to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Resistors and Ohm’s law**

- Resistance color code
- Measure voltage, current and resistance with a multimeter
- Verification of Ohm’s law

**Voltage sources**

- Introduction to power supplies
- Measure the internal resistance of a power supply

**Resistors in series and Kirchoff’s first law**

- Voltage divider
- Kirchoff’s first law

**Resistors in parallel and Kirchoff’s second law**

- Current divider
- Kirchoff’s second law
- Mixed networks

**Variable resistors**

- Introduction to variable resistors
- Temperature dependent resistance
- Light dependent resistance

**Troubleshooting DC circuits**

- 9 different fault-finding exercises

****

**EB-3121****DC Circuits I**

The EB-3121 DC Circuits I board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to teach the fundamental concepts of DC circuits to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges.

- The system includes all the lab instrument needs for electronics experiments: 5-voltage power supply (+12V, +5V, -5V, -12V and -12V to +12V variable voltage), 2 voltmeters, ammeter, frequency counter, logic probe, logic analyzer, 2-channel oscilloscope, function generator (sine, triangle and square signals).
- The system contains a 3.2" color graphic display with touch panel for signal and measurement display.
- The touch keyboard is used to program the oscilloscope and the function generator as well as the display options.
- The system provides USB wire communication with the PC.
- A 16-key keyboard expands and enhances the keying options of the system.
- The system contains 10 relays for switching the plug-in cards or for inserting faults.
- The plug-in cards are connected to the trainer through a 48-contact, very low resistance industrial connector.
- Plugging a card and unplugging it is simple and safe.
- The system can be operated with or without a PC.
- Each plug-in card has its own controller for automatic identification by the main platform, for saving its required configuration and for automatic self diagnostics.

**DESCRIPTION**

The EB-3000 is a base unit packaged in a sturdy plastic case (36 x 26 cm) for accepting electronics and communications experiment plug-in cards.

The system uses an external switching power supply for safety reasons.

The power supply low voltage output is converted to the 5 voltages by linear regulators to reduce noise.

Two potentiometers on the panel are used to setup the variable voltage and the function generator amplitude. Two toggle switches select CMOS/TTL level and sine wave / triangle wave.

The system cuts-off the voltages for an overload and displays an appropriate error massage.

The plug-in cards are connected directly to system without any flat cable to reduce noise and resistance.

The system is controlled by a very powerful, internal controller.

The 10 relays have change-over contacts that can switch active and passive components.

Every selection of a relay configuration is saved in nonvolatile memory located on the connected plug-in card. This configuration feature does not require a PC.

The components are located on the board by the silk screen print of the actual circuit under test and component symbols.

The central part of the experimenting board includes all the circuit block drawings, all hands on components, test points and banana sockets.

The protected components are located on the plug-in circuit board upper side, clearly visible to the student and protected by a sturdy transparent cover that is permanently mounted on the EB-3000 platform.

The Advanced Electronics Laboratory offers a wide variety of electronics technology subjects for various technician and electronics engineering training programs. The knowledge acquired will prepare electronics technology specialists for repairing electronic equipment as well as designing complex electronics systems with modern, state-of-the-art components.

- Motors and generators
- Control systems
- Interface circuits
- Introduction to communications
- Power amplifiers
- Optoelectronics
- Introduction to microprocessors
- Introduction to programmable logic
- And more...

The basic electronics laboratory provides the essential foundation for training technicians and engineers for maintaining, repairing and designing modern electronic systems. The training systems are specifically designed to afford a modular approach to meet the requirements of a wide variety of curricula. Among the topics covered:

- DC circuits
- AC circuits
- Magnetism
- Semiconductors
- Operational amplifiers
- Digital logic
- Sequential logic
- And more...

**ADVANCED ELECTRONICS**

**BASIC ELECTRONICS**

** ELECTRONICS**

The EB-3000 family of training systems offers a wide variety of courses that cover the important fundamental aspects of electricity, electronics and microprocessors. The unique base unit provides regulated power supplies, digital measuring instruments, function generator, 2-channel oscilloscope and fault insertion that not only save valuable space in the lab but also substantially lower costs.

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

- Frequency modulation (FM)
- Bandpass filter and FM detector
- Phase locked loop (PLL)
- FM detector using a PLL
- Audio amplifier and speaker
- Preamplifier and microphone
- FM transmitter and receiver
- Troubleshooting exercises

**EB-3162****FM Receiver and Transmitter**

****

The EB-3162 FM receiver and transmitter board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of frequency modulation (FM) and the corresponding transmitter and receiver as well as their related circuits to students in high, schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EB-3141****Motor and Generator Control**

****

The EB-3141 Motor and Generator Control board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of stepper motors, digital to analog (D/A or DAC ) converter, pulse width modulation (PWM) circuit, electric generator and dynamo and motor –

dynamo speed control to students in high, schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Wien bridge oscillator**

- Basic concepts
- Calculate oscillation frequency
- Measure oscillation frequency

**Square wave oscillator**

- Basic concepts
- Observe output waveform and frequency

**Triangle wave oscillator**

- Basic concepts
- Observe output waveform and frequency

**Transistor oscillators**

- Basic concepts
- Observe Hartley oscillator output waveform and frequency
- Observe Colpitts oscillator output waveform and frequency

**Troubleshooting**

- 8 different fault-finding exercises

**EB-3137****Oscillators and Tuned Amplifiers**

****

The EB-3137 Oscillators and tuned amplifiers board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of various oscillators and tuned circuits to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges.

**Temperature control**

- Thermostat
- Thermistor
- Temperature control circuit

**Troubleshooting**

- 7 different fault-finding exercises

**EB-3129****Electrical Control Circuits**

****

The EB-3129 Electrical Control Circuits board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of electrical components and circuits to students in high, schools, technical schools

and colleges.

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Diodes**

- Diode characteristics
- Forward bias
- Reverse bias
- Diode circuit

**Zener diode**

- Zener diode characteristics
- Voltage regulator
- Compare with original circuit

**Bipolar transistor**

- Construction
- Operating regions
- Load line
- Fixed bias circuit
- Self-bias circuit
- Calculate current gain

**Field Effect transistor**

- FET and MOSFET devices
- DC characteristics
- Biasing techniques
- Identify operating regions
****

**Troubleshooting**

- 7 different fault-finding exercises

**EB-3125****Diodes, Zeners and Transistors**

****

The EB-3125 Diodes, Zeners and Transistors board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of diodes, bipolar and

field effect transistors and related DC circuits to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Resistors in alternating current circuits**

- Resistor voltage and current in alternate current
- Voltage divider in alternate current

**RC circuits**

- Voltage and current in an RC circuit with AC excitation
- Low pass RC filter
- High pass RC filter

**RL circuits**

- Voltage and current in an RL circuit with AC excitation
- Vector manipulation
- Measure phase difference between voltages
- Measure voltages and phase in a n RL circuit
- Low pass RL filter
- High pass RL filter

**RLC circuits**

- Voltage in RC, RL and RLC circuits
- RLC band-pass filter
- Tuning resonant circuits

**Troubleshooting**

- 7 different fault-finding exercises

****

**EB-3000****Base Unit**

The EB-3000 is a base unit housed in a sturdy plastic case for the electronics and communications experiment plugin cards.

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**LConstructing a decoder**

- Basic concepts
- Creating a decoder to implement a logic function

**IC decoder**

- Binary, BCD and 3-8 decoder
- Primary and secondary decoder
- Create the truth table for a dual 2-4 decoder
- Create a 3-8 decoder from a dual 2-4 decoder

**Use a decoder to implement a function**

- Implement a function with a decoder
- Wired-OR decoder
- Reduced logic function by Implement a function with a dual 2-4 decoder

**Multiplexer**

- Basic concepts
- 1-of-n multiplexer
- Write the truth table for multiple logic functions using a multiplexer

**Implement functions with a multiplexer**

- Basic concepts
- Implement a logic function based on a multiplexer

**Troubleshooting**

- 8 different fault-finding exercises

**EB-3152****Multiplexers, Decoders and Adders**

****

The EB-3152 Multiplexers, Decoders and Adders board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of various decoders, creating a logic function with a decoder, multiplexers and their use in implementing logic functions and binary arithmetic implementation to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EB-3143****AC /DC and DC/AC Conversion**

****

The EB-3137 Oscillators and tuned amplifiers board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of various oscillators and tuned circuits to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EB-3142****Motor Speed Control**

****

The EB-3142 Motor Speed Control board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of position and speed sensors open loop control and various closed loop control schemes to students

in high, schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EB-3128****Optoelectronic Semiconductors**

****

The EB-3128 Optoelectronic Semiconductors board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of the LED, LDR, photodiode, phototransistor, 7-segment display and related circuits to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Light emitting diode (LED)**

- Basic concepts of LEDs
- Measure voltage drop and current for various positive and negative voltages for white, orange, red, yellow and green LEDs.
- Observe behavior of bicolor LED

**Light dependent resistor**

- Basic concepts of the LDR
- Observe LDR behavior for various light intensities
- Light controlled switch

**Phototransistor**

- Basic concepts
- Measure phototransistor current for various light intensities

**Photodiode**

- Basic concepts
- Measure photodiode current for various light intensities

**Seven segment display**

- Basic concepts
- Observe which segment is light by each bit
- Observe which bits are needed to display digits 0-9

**Troubleshooting**

- 7 different fault-finding exercises

****

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Essential theory**

- Magnet construction
- Magnetic fields
- Electricity and magnetism
- Self and mutual induction
- Magnetic penetrability
- Magnetic hysteresis
- Electromagnet
- Relay
- Solenoid
- Pulse width modulation

**Electromagnetic devices**

- Practical electromagnet
- Real solenoid
- Relay

****

**TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS**

The system contains all the lab instrument needed for electronics experiments:

- Five-voltage power supply (+12V, +5V, -5V, -12V and 12V to +12V variable voltage)
- Two voltmeters
- Ammeter
- Frequency counter up to 1 MHz
- Logic probe (high, low, open, pulse, memory)
- Logic analyzer with 8 digital inputs and trigger input
- Two-channel oscilloscope (spectrum analysis requires a PC with a USB port)
- Function generator (sine, triangle and square signals) up to 1MHz
- 3.2" color graphic display with touch panel for signal and measurement display
- USB wire communication with the PC
- Sixteen-key terminal keyboard, one 4-way navigation button and one reset push button
- Ten relays for switching the plug-in cards or for inserting faults
- 48-pin very low resistance industrial connector for connecting to plug-in cards
- Transparent sturdy cover covers the protected area above the plug-in cards
- Set of patch cords

**EB-3165****FM Receiv Optical communications**

****

The EB-3165 Optical Communications is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of digital optical communications. The course is suitable for students in high, schools, technical schools and colleges.

******EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

The course covers various techniques for converting

analog and digital signals commonly employed in digital communication systems.

- Audio amplifier and preamplifier
- Analog to digital conversion
- Digital to analog conversion
- Signal sampling and reconstruction
- Pulse amplitude modulation (PAM)
- Pulse code modulation (PCM)
- Delta modulation (DM)
- Effect of sampling frequency on reconstruction quality
- Digital voice recording
- Troubleshooting exercises

**EB-3164****Digital Communication Signal Conversion**

****

EB-3164 Digital Communication Signal Conversion is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of converting analog and digital signals as well as some commonly used digital encoding techniques employed in digital communications systems. The course is suitable for students in high, schools, technical schools and colleges.

******EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

The course covers various techniques for modulating and demodulating baseband digital signals commonly employed in digital communication signals

- Transmitting and receiving digital signals
- Bandpass filter
- Amplitude shift keying (ASK)
- Frequency shift keying (FSK)
- Binary phase shift keying (BPSK)
- Differential phase shift keying (DPSK)
- Quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK)
- Signal follower with a PLL
- Troubleshooting exercises

**EB-3155****Logic Families**

****

The EB-3155 Logic Families board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of logic gate characteristics, Schmitt trigger, open collector and tri-state outputs to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Timing circuits with the 555**

- Basic concepts:
- Monostable mode
- Bistable mode
- PWM generator
- Frequency to voltage conversion
- Time interval generation

**Digital to analog conversion**

- DAC using an op amp
- Monolithic DAC
- Measure DAC linearity and accuracy
- Edge triggered flip-flop

**Implementing an ADC**

- Create an ADC from a DAC
- Monolithic ADC techniques
- Measure DAC accuracy

**Troubleshooting**

- 8 different fault-finding exercises

**EB-3154****555, ADC and DAC Circuits**

****

The EB-3154 555, ADC and DAC board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of timer circuits, analog to digital conversion

and digital to analog conversion circuits to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EB-3136****Power Supplies**

****

The EB-3136 Power Supplies board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of rectifiers, linear voltage regulators and switching regulators to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EB-3135****Power Amplifiers**

****

The EB-3135 Power Amplifiers board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of power amplifier circuits and their related components to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Transistor power amplifiers**

- Basic concepts including:
- Capacitive coupling
- Transformer coupling
- Harmonic distortion
- Class A push-pull amplifier
- Class B, C, AB amplifiers
- Crossover distortion
- Complementary symmetry amplifier
- Darlington power amplifier
- Observe transistor power amplifier waveforms and frequency response

**Operational power amplifier**

- Basic concepts
- Observe operational power amplifier waveforms and frequency response

**Troubleshooting**

- 5 different fault-finding exercises

**Active filters**

- Basic concepts of low pass, high pass, band pass and multiple feedback filters
- Determine band pass filter bandwidth and quality factor
- Determine low pass filter bandwidth and quality factor
- Determine high pass filter bandwidth and quality factor

**Troubleshooting**

- 8 different fault-finding exercises

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED****Inverting amplifier**

• Basic concepts

• How to measure parameters

• Measure output voltage for various input

**voltages**

• Measure input and output resistance

• Calculate voltage and current gain

• Single supply amplifier

• Measure phase shift

**Non-inverting amplifiers:**

• Basic concepts

• Measure output voltage for various input voltages

• Measure input and output resistance

• Calculate voltage and current gain

• Buffer (follower) amplifier

• Measure phase shift

**Summing and difference amplifiers**• Basic concepts

• Observe summing amplifier behavior for DC and AC input voltages

• Observe difference amplifier behavior for DC and AC input voltages

- 7 different fault-finding exercises

****

**EB-3131****Operational Amplifiers I**

****

The EB-3131 Operational Amplifiers I board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of the inverting, noninverting,

summing and difference amplifiers to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**SCR and GTO thyristors**

- Basic concepts of silicon controlled rectifiers and gate

**turn off thyristors**

- Measure gate turn-on voltage
- Measure conduction voltage drop
- Measure SCR switching circuit

**Triac and diac**

- Basic concepts of the triac and diac
- Observe gate and anode waveforms for triac circuit
- Observe gate and anode waveforms for diac trigger in dimmer circuit

**PUT**

- Basic concepts of the programmable unijunction transistor
- Observe waveforms of PUT oscillator

**Troubleshooting**

- 8 different fault-finding exercises

**EB-3127****Industrial Semiconductors**

****

The EB-3127 Industrial Semiconductors board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of SCR. TRIAC , DIAC and PUT semiconductors and related circuits to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges

**Transformer**

- Lenz’s Law
- Transformer construction
- Turns ratio
- Center tap winding
- Determine voltage ratio
- High pass RL filter

**Troubleshooting**

- 8 different fault-finding exercises

**EB-3124****Magnetism and Induction**

****

The EB-3124 Magnetism and Induction board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to teach the fundamental concepts of magnetism, electromagnets

and transformers to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges.

Copyright © 2015 S.E.S.-Scientific Educational Systems Ltd. All rights reserved

**Serial processing**

- Serial AND operation
- Serial ADD operation
- Serial logic operations

**Ripple counter**

- Up binary ripple counter
- Down binary ripple counter
- Modulo n and divide by n
- Up BCD ripple counter
- Integrated ripple counters

**Synchronous counters**

- Up binary synchronous counter
- Up/down binary synchronous counter
- BCD synchronous counter
- Programmable synchronous counter
- Integrated synchronous counters
- Counter applications

**Troubleshooting**

- 6 different fault-finding exercises

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**S-R Flip-Flop**

- Basic concepts
- Clock controlled S-R flip-flop
- D latch
- Observe R-S flip performance
- Observe the effect of the clock

**J-K Flip-Flop**

- Basic J-K flip-flop
- Clock-controlled J-K flip-flop
- T Flip-Flop, D flip-flop
- Edge triggered flip-flop

**Implementing a register**

- Shift register with J-K flip-flop
- Test 4-bit shift register
- Create a ring counter

**PISO and SIPO registers**

- Parallel in and out
- Serial in and out
- Transfer data between registers
- Connect a PISO to a SIPO register
- Serial to parallel conversion
- Parallel to serial conversion
****

****

**Linear voltage regulator**

- Basic concepts:
- Zener diode regulator
- Adding a current amplifier
- Monolithic voltage regulator
- Observe Zener diode regulator ripple rejection and voltage regulation with various loads
- Calculate the load coefficient for a Zener diode and current amplifier
- Determine input voltage regulation coefficient and load current rejection for a monolithic regulato
**r**

**Step-down switching regulator**

- Basic concepts
- Observe step-down regulator performance including voltage regulation for different loads

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Voltage rectifiers**

- Transformers
- Rectifier configurations
- Observe half wave rectifier behavior for DC and AC
- Observe full wave rectifier behavior for DC and AC

**Voltage smoothing**

- Basic concepts
- How to calculate ripple
- Reduce ripple by increasing capacitance in half wave and full wave power supply

****

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Comparator and Schmitt trigger**

- Basic concepts
- Measure integrator output voltage waveform and phase for an AC input voltage
- Measure Schmitt trigger output voltage waveform and phase for an AC input voltage

**Differentiator and Integrator**

- Basic concepts
- Measure output voltage for various input voltages
- Measure input and output resistance
- Calculate voltage and current gain
- Buffer (follower) amplifier
- Measure phase shift

****

**EB-3132****Operational Amplifiers II**

****

The EB-3132 Operational Amplifiers II board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of the comparators,

integrators, differentiators and filters using operational amplifiers to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Protection devices**

- Switches

******Relays**

- Basic operation
- Time delay

**Motor**

- Principles
- Measure winding resistance
- Basic operation

**Motor control circuits**

- Start – stop control

****

**EB-3126****Bipolar and FET **

**Transistors Amplifiers**

The EB-3126 Bipolar and FET Amplifiers board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of bipolar and field effect transistor amplifiers to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Principles of digital systems**

- Decimal and binary numbers
- Binary coded decimal (BCD) display

**CAN-BUS communication:**

- Meaning of the CAN-BUS
- Purpose of CAN-BUS communication
- Principles of a CAN-BUS network
- Structure of the CAN-BUS protocol
- Arbitration and priority
- CRC error checking and acknowledgement
- EB-3170 communication protocol
- Observe the word structure of the EB-3170 protocol

**CAN-BUS signals:**

- Data transfer over the CAN-BUS lines
- CAN-BUS components
- Measure CAN-BUS signals with the EB-3000 digital
- oscilloscope

**Troubleshooting:**

- CAN-BUS faults
- System faults
- Fault-finding practice exercises

**EB-3170****CAN -BUS Systems**

****

The EB-3170 CAN -BUS Systems board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of the CAN -BUS system and related

circuits to students in high, schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Stepper motor control:**

- Basic concepts
- Step sequence
- Observe stepper motor operation, step sequence, reversing rotation direction
- Observe stalling condition

**DAC and PWM**

- Basic concepts of DAC, PWM
- DAC conversion table
- Observe how the PWM potentiometer changes Vr and the PWM output voltage and motor speed

**Motor and generator**

- Basic concepts:
- Electric generator
- Dynamo (tachogenerator)
- DC motor
- Dynamo speed control
- Observe open loop control of a DC motor
- Observe closed loop control of a DC motor

******Troubleshooting**

- 7 different fault-finding exercises

**DEGEM SYSTEMS**

**ARM input/output units**

- Direct ports
- Branching offset

**C language programming**

- Installing the EB-3192 software
- Basic commands and syntax
- Understanding program sources
- Modifying programs
- Compiling and debugging

**ARM structure and internal peripheral devices**

- Internal RAM
- Internal flash memory
- Internal programmable timers
- Analog-to digital converter
- Serial communication controller
- Internal DMA controller
- Power saving modes

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Gate characteristics**

- Basic concepts:
- TTL, DTL families
- CMOS families
- I/O characteristics
- Transfer characteristics
- How to read a datasheet
- Observe TTL transfer characteristics
- Observe CMOS transfer characteristics
- Observe Schmitt trigger transfer characteristics
- Observe open collector characteristics
- Observe tri-state behavior

**Troubleshooting**

- 7 different fault-finding exercises

**EB-3153****Sequential Logic**

****

The EB-3153 Sequential Logic board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of flip-flops, registers, counters and sequential logic circuits to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Motion and position sensors**

- Basic concepts:
- Hall effect sensor
- Optical position sensor
- Motor controller
- Observe DC motor operation in open loop control
- Observe relation of pulse frequency of the Hall and optical sensors versus motor speed with and without a load

**Open and closed loop**

- Basic concepts:
- Speed regulation
- Dual stage, multistage and continuous control
- Open and closed loop control
- How to operate the control system
- Observe how closed loop control decreases the speed drop under load.
- Observe feedback pulses for no load and full load conditions Compare reference RPM with measured

**Troubleshooting**

- 5 different fault-finding exercise

******EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Bipolar transistor amplifier**

- Linear amplifier
- Bipolar transistor h parameters
- Common emitter amplifier
- Common emitter amplifier with emitter resistor
- Emitter follower amplifier
- Common base amplifier
- How to measure amplifier parameters

**FET transistor amplifier**

- FET amplifier
- Common source amplifier (Cs)
- Common source amplifier (Cs + Rs)

**Two-stage amplifier**

- Bi-stage amplifier

**Troubleshooting**

- 7 different fault-finding exercises

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Wien bridge oscillator**

- Basic concepts
- Calculate oscillation frequency
- Measure oscillation frequency

**Square wave oscillator**

- Basic concepts
- Observe output waveform and frequency

**Triangle wave oscillator**

- Basic concepts
- Observe output waveform and frequency

**Transistor oscillators**

- Basic concepts
- Observe Hartley oscillator output waveform and frequency
- Observe Colpitts oscillator output waveform and frequency

**Troubleshooting**

- 8 different fault-finding exercises

**EB-3192****Introduction to 32 bit **

**Microcontrollers and ARM**

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The EB-3192 Introduction to 32-bit Microcontrollers board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of 32-bit ARM microcontroller architecture, principles of operation, addressing modes and flags. Instructions and programming to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges.

******EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Basic concepts of programmable logic**- CPLD architecture
- Writing a program in VHDL
- Compilation
- Assigning I/O pin-out
- Download the program to the CPLD
- Debug the programmed CPLD
- Troubleshooting exercises

**EB-3191****Introduction to Microcontrollers**

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The EB-3191 Introduction to Microcontrollers board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of microprocessor and microcontroller architecture, principles of operation, addressing modes and flags. Instructions and programming to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Architecture**

- Inputs and outputs
- Clock, CPU and Memory
- I/O characteristics

**Addressing modes**

- Register addressing
- Immediate addressing
- Variables
- Direct / indirect addressing
- Bit manipulation

**Flags**

- Carry/auxiliary carry flags
- Zero and overflow flags
- Characteristics
- Observe tri-state behavior
- Time interval generation

**8051 machine & assembly language**

- EB-3191 software installation
- Operation with a PC
- Debugger functions

**AVR input/output units**

- Direct ports
- Branching offset

**C language programming**

- Installing the EB-3193 software
- Basic commands and syntax
- Understanding program sources
- Modifying programs
- Compiling

**AVR structure and internal peripheral devices**

- Internal RAM
- Internal flash memory
- Internal EEPROM
- Analog-to digital converter
- Internal DMA controller

******EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

- Amplitude modulation (AM)
- Tuned amplifier
- Mixer and frequency converter
- AM detection
- Automatic gain control (AGC)
- Sensitivity and selectivity
- Audio amplifier and speaker
- Preamplifier and microphone
- AM transmitter and receiver
- Troubleshooting exercises

**EB-3198****Programmable Logic Device**

The EB-3198 Programmable Logic Device board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of programmable logic such as CPLD and FPGA devices, CPLD device architecture, familiarization with industrystandard

software, creating a program source, compilation, pinout assignment, downloading the CPLD code to the device and debugging for students in high schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Architecture**

- Inputs and outputs
- Clock, CPU and Memory
- I/O characteristics

**Addressing modes**

- Register addressing
- Immediate addressing
- Variables
- Direct / indirect addressing
- Bit manipulation

**Flags**

- Carry/auxiliary carry flags
- Zero and overflow flags
- Characteristics
- Observe tri-state behavior
- Time interval generation

**EB-3163****FM Receiv Digital communicationmodulation and detection**

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The EB-3163 Digital Modulation and Demodulation is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of various digital modulation and demodulation techniques as well as their related circuits to students in high, schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EB-3161****AM Receiver and Transmitter**

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The EB-3161 AM receiver and transmitter board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of amplitude modulation (AM) and the corresponding transmitter and receiver as well as their related

**EB-3193****Introduction to 16 bitMicrocontrollers and AVR**

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The EB-3193 Introduction to Microcontrollers board is a comprehensive instructional module designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts of 16-bit microcontroller

architecture, principles of operation, addressing modes and flags, Instructions and programming to students in high schools, technical schools and colleges.

**EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

**Architecture**

- Inputs and outputs
- Clock, CPU and Memory
- I/O characteristics

**Addressing modes**

- Register addressing
- Immediate addressing
- Variables
- Direct / indirect addressing
- Bit manipulation

**Flags**

- Carry/auxiliary carry flags
- Zero and overflow flags
- Characteristics
- Observe tri-state behavior
- Time interval generation

**8051 Input/Output units**

- Direct ports
- Branching offset

**Assembly programming**

- Registers
- Conditional branching
- Writing in Assembly language
- Subroutines
- Break points and single step

**8051 structure and instructions**

- Internal RAM
- Special function registers
- Interrupts and stack
- Instruction classification
- Branching
- Look-up tables
- Subroutines and interrupts
- Timer / counter
- Serial communication

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**Address decoding and memoryInput and output ports7-segment displayLCD displaySwitches and keysMatrix keyboardA/D and D/A converters**

******EXPERIMENTS COVERED**

The course covers various techniques for converting

analog and digital signals commonly employed in digital

communication systems

- Audio amplifier and speaker
- Preamplifier and speaker
- Optical transmitter
- Optical receiver
- Schmitt trigger comparator
- Infrared communications
- Optical digital communications
- Troubleshooting exercises